Reference List

The following are referenced on this web site, or included on this web site (or may be accessed from their source by link provided).

Atcheson, Joyce (2006). FASD and Aboriginal Peoples, developed for FASD and the Justice System CD.

Atcheson, Joyce (2006). Developing a cross-cultural awareness of FASD research: Aboriginal Peoples' cultural behaviours labelled as FASD, developed for FASD and the Justice System CD.

Atcheson, Joyce (2006). Practical tips/Best Practices with Aboriginal clients with FASD or suspected FASD, developed for FASD and the Justice System CD.

Astley, S. J. & Sterling Clarren. (1999). Diagnostic guide for fetal alcohol syndrome and related conditions: the 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. 2nd ed. Seattle: University of Washington Publication Services.

Boland, Fred J., Ph. D., Rebecca Burrill, Michelle Duwyn and Jennifer
Karp. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Implications for Correctional Service. (Correctional Service Canada July 1998). Online:

Boulding, David (2005, March). Fetal Alcohol: The Role of the Crown Counsel. Article presented at the annual conference of Crown Counsels, Whistler, B.C.

Boulding, David. (unknown) A Lawyer's Brief on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. (Article) and Aboriginal Justice Workers and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. (Presentation).

Boulding, David. (2001, September) Mistakes I have made with FAS clients. Presentation (location not specified). Coquitlam, B.C.

Boulding, David. (unknown) The Several Languages of Law. (Presentation). Provided by:

Buxton, Bonnie. (2004). Damaged Angels: A mother discovers the terrible cost of alcohol in pregnancy. Toronto: Knopf.

Byrne, Caron. The Criminalization of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. (revised 2002). Online:

Canadian Medical Association. (2005). fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Canadian guidelines for diagnosis, CMAJ 2005; 172(5suppl): S1-S21.

Chartrand, Larry N. & Ella M. Forbes-Chilibeck, "The Sentencing of Offenders with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome" (2003) 11 Health L. J. 35 - 70. Online:

Conry, Julianne, Bryan Johnson, Ann Tamboline, Lorna Williams, Laurie Wright. (1996). Teaching students with fetal alcohol syndrome/effects, a resource guide for teachers. Ministry of Education, Skills and Training. British Columbia, Canada.

Conry, Julianne & Diane K. Fast. (2000). Fetal alcohol syndrome and the criminal justice system. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Resource Society, Vancouver.

Correctional Service of Canada, "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effects and Aboriginal People Towards a Unified national Strategy." 1999. Online:

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder fact sheet. [Electronic version].Retrieved March 6, 2006 from:

Green, Justice Melvyn. ( March 1, 2006). A Judicial Perspective Paper presented at the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorders Symposium for Justice Professionals, Toronto, ON.

How common are FAS and FASDs? [Electronic version]. Retrieved March 6, 2006 from:

Kellerman, Teresa. (2002). Competency and capacity. [Electronic version]. Retrieved March 6, 2006 from:

Kellerman, Teresa. (2002-2006). Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and the Brain. [Electronic version]. .Retrieved March 7, 2006 from

Kellerman, Teresa. (2002). Prevention of FASD - It's as simple as 1 2 3. [Electronic version]. Retrieved March 6, 2006 from:

Kellerman, Teresa presents a collection of FASD research articles on her web page

Kelly, Kathryn Ann. The Victimization of Individuals with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effects. Online:

Key facts on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. [Electronic version]. Retrieved March 6, 2006 from:

Leslie, Margaret. Director, Early Intervention Programs Mothercraft-Breaking the Cycle, Toronto, ON (e-mail communication, February 27, 2006).

The Marcus Institute, The. and

Malbin, Diane. V. (2004). "Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and the role of family court judges in improving outcomes for children and families."
Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 55 (Spring 2004): 53-63.

Malbin, Diane (e-mail communication, March 04, 2006).

Mitten, H. Rae. Barriers to Implementing Holistic, Community-Based Treatment For Offenders with Fetal Alcohol Conditions (L.L.M Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, 2003) [unpublished]. Online:

Moore, T. E., & M. Green. (2004). "Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD): A need for closer examination by the criminal justice system." Criminal Reports, 19 C.R. 6th: 99 -108. Online:

Nanson, Jo. (March 1, 2006). Alcohol-exposed youth & the court. Paper presented at the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorders Symposium for Justice Professionals, Toronto, ON.

Nanson, Jo (e-mail communication, March 04, 2006).

Oesterheld, J. R. & A. Wilson. (1997). "ADHD and FAS." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36: 1163.

Page, Kathryn. (2003). "The invisible havoc of prenatal alcohol damage." Journal of the Center for Families, Children & the Courts, (Volume 4): 67-90.

Provincial campaign promotes alcohol free pregnancies. [Electronic version]. Retrieved March 6, 2006 from:

Public Health Agency of Canada. (2005). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder [Booklet]. Ottawa. Online:

Research Society on Alcoholism.

Riley, Edward. (2000-2001) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects, The Research Society on Alcoholism Lecture Series Power Point Presentation.

Riley, Edward & Sarah Mattson. (2001). Using brain imaging to track FAS.

Roach, K., & Bailey, A., The Relevance of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder In Canadian Criminal Law From Investigation to Sentencing, U.B.C. Law Review, Vol. 42 p. 1  

Roberts, G. & Jo Nanson. (2002) Best Practices: FAS/FAE and the effects of other substance use during pregnancy. Ottawa: Health Canada.

Ross, Rupert. (1996). Returning to the teachings: exploring aboriginal justice. Toronto: Penguin.

Saskatchewan, Final Report of the Commission on First Nations and Métis Peoples and Justice Reform. Vol. 1, 2. Online:

Schneider, Richard D. "Mental Disorder in the Courts: Absolute Discharge for Unfits?" (2000), 21 For the Defence 36. QL.

Stade, Brenda, Wendy J. Ungar, Bonnie Stevens, Joseph Beyene, Gideon Koren. (2006). "The burden of prenatal exposure to alcohol: measurement of cost." Journal of FAS International (JFAS); 4: e5 February 2006.

Stratton, Kathleen, Cynthia Howe, Frederick Battaglia. (1996). Fetal alcohol syndrome: diagnosis, epidemiology, prevention, and treatment. Washington: Institute of Medicine and National Academy Press.

Stratton, Kathleen, Cynthia Howe, Frederick Battaglia. (1996).IOM report to congress. Washington: Institute of Medicine and National Academy Press.

Streissguth, Ann, Robin LaDue, S.P. Randels. (1988). A manual on adolescents, and adults with FAS with special reference to American Indians. US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C.

Streissguth, Ann, Helen Barr, Julia Kogan, Fred L. Bookstein. (1996). Understanding the occurrence of secondary disabilities in clients with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE). Seattle, Washington: University of Washington School of Medicine.

Streissguth, Ann. (1997). Fetal alcohol syndrome. Baltimore: Brookes.

Supporting change: participant handbook. [Electronic version]. Retrieved March 6, 2006 from :

Additional Related FASD Information Documents included in the web site: